Isalpha method in Python string

In this Python tutorial, we will see the isalpha method in Python, its syntax, parameters, and return values. We will also see some examples of the isalpha() string method.

In Python, strings are a fundamental data type that allows for the handling of text-based information. One common task is to check the composition of a string, and this is where the isalpha() method in Python comes into play.

This method is particularly useful for validating user input, processing text data, or building natural language processing applications.

What is the isalpha method in Python string?

The isalpha() method is a built-in method in Python string that checks whether all the characters in the given string are alphabets.

If the Python string contains only alphabetical characters (letters), the method returns True. If there is any other (non-alphabetic) character in the string, such as a digit or special symbol, the method will return False.


The syntax of the Python string isalpha method is:


Here, str is the string on which the operation is going to be held.


The string isalpha Python method doesn’t take any parameters.

Return values:

The isalpha() function returns:

  • True –  If all characters in the Python string are alphabets (can be both lowercase and uppercase).
  • False If the Python string contains 1 or more non-alphabetic characters.

The Python string isalpha() method examples

There can many different applications of the Python isalpha() method in the string which can be taken into consideration:

  • Data Validation: Python isalpha() method can be crucial for data validation. If we’re accepting user inputs and want to ensure that a field is purely alphabetical, the isalpha() string method can serve as a quick check.
  • Text Processing: In natural language processing tasks, sometimes it’s crucial to filter out words that have special characters or numbers. The string isalpha() method in Python can be handy in these scenarios.
  • Simplicity: Instead of writing multiple lines of code in Python to validate if each character in a string is an alphabet, the string isalpha() method provides a concise, readable approach.

Some of them are explained with the help of examples:

Example-1: The basic isalpha string function in Python

Here, if the string will have only the alphabetic characters, Then the isalpha() method will return True, otherwise False.

For instance, Imagine we are sorting out the names of American States, from a Python list of strings and, we want to ensure that the names we have are strictly alphabetic without any numbers or other characters. Let’s use the isalpha() method to help with this task.

states = ["California", "Nevada", "Texas3", "Illinois", "Florida$"]

for state in states:
    if state.isalpha():
        print(state, "is a valid state name.")
        print(state, "is NOT a valid state name.")

The output is:

California is a valid state name.
Nevada is a valid state name.
Texas3 is NOT a valid state name.
Illinois is a valid state name.
Florida$ is NOT a valid state name.
Isalpha method in Python string basic example

From the above example, we can observe that the states “Texas3” and “Florida$” were flagged as invalid because they contain characters other than alphabets. The isalpha() method in Python string identified these discrepancies.


  • The isalpha() method considers only alphabets; spaces, numbers, punctuation marks, or any other symbols will return False.
  • It does not differentiate between uppercase and lowercase letters. Both are treated as alphabetic characters.
  • If the string is empty, isalpha() will return False.

Example-2: To count the number of alphabets in a Python string using Isalpha() method

Suppose we are working with the United States Postal Service (USPS) on their address validation system in Python. One of our tasks is to count the number of alphabetic characters in a given address Python string.

Here’s a Python function that accepts an address string as input and returns the count of alphabetic characters:

We define a function count_alphabets that initializes a count variable to zero. For each character in the given address, we check if it’s an alphabet using the isalpha() method. If it’s an alphabet, we increment the count by 1. Finally, the function returns the count.

def count_alphabets(address):
    count = 0
    for char in address:
        if char.isalpha():
            count += 1
    return count

address = "1600 Pennsylvania Ave NW, Washington, DC 20500"
alphabet_count = count_alphabets(address)

print(f"The address contains {alphabet_count} alphabetic characters.")

The output is:

The address contains 29 alphabetic characters.
The string isalpha python method to count the number alphabets in a string

This way, we can count the number of the alphabets in a Python string using the isalpha method.

Example-3: To remove non-alphabetic characters from a Python string using the isalpha() function

Imagine we’re working as data analysts at the National Library of Congress. As part of a digitization project, we receive large textual data from old American manuscripts. We’re tasked with cleaning the data by removing any non-alphabetic characters to maintain a consistent database in Python.

Here’s a Python function that accepts a text Python string from the manuscript and returns the cleaned version of the text with only alphabetic characters:

def remove_non_alphabets(text):
    cleaned_text = ''.join([char for char in text if char.isalpha() or char.isspace()])
    return cleaned_text

manuscript_text = "In 1776, the USA declared its independence."
cleaned_text = remove_non_alphabets(manuscript_text)


We define a function remove_non_alphabets that constructs a new string (cleaned_text) from the provided text. Using a list comprehension in Python, we iterate over each character in the given text. We use the isalpha() method to check if the character is an alphabet.

Additionally, we use the isspace() method to preserve spaces between words. Characters that pass this condition (i.e., alphabets or whitespace) are added to the cleaned_text.

The output is:

In  the USA declared its independence

After running our Python function, we can see that all numbers and symbols have been removed from the string, leaving only the alphabetic characters and spaces.

Python isalpha string method to remove non-alphabetic characters

We can also remove the non-alphabetic characters from a string in Python using the isalpha method.


Python’s isalpha() method offers an effective way to check for alphabetic characters within a string. Whether it’s validating form inputs or cleaning large datasets, it provides a simple and efficient solution. So, here we have seen what is isalpha method in Python string, its syntax, and some demonstrative examples.

You may also like to read: