In this Python tutorial, we will see what is upper function in Python string and its application with examples. I will show you, how to use the Python string uppercase() method with a few examples.
We will also see, how to capitalize each word in a string in Python.
What is the Upper() Function in Python
In Python, the upper() function is a built-in string method used to convert all the lowercase characters in a string to uppercase.
Syntax, Parameters and Return values
It is very important to know that what way we should apply the Upper() function in Python, that does not take us to an error.
The syntax of the upper function in Python is:
The Python upper() function does not take any parameters.
The Python upper() returns the uppercase string from the given Python string. It converts all the lowercase characters to uppercase and does not affect any characters in the string that are not letters.
Python upper() function using examples
The upper() function in Python has a variety of applications. Here are some practical examples that demonstrate its usage:
Example-1: Convert Python string to Uppercase
The basic application of upper() function in Python is to convert the whole string to uppercase.
For instance, Imagine working with a Python string that includes the names of some states in the United States. The data may have been entered inconsistently – some in all caps, some in title case, and some in lowercase.
To bring uniformity to the string in Python, we can use the upper() function to convert all state names to uppercase:
states = "california, TEXAS, new York, FLORIDA, maSSACHUsetts" states_upper = states.upper() print(states_upper)
The output is:
CALIFORNIA, TEXAS, NEW YORK, FLORIDA, MASSACHUSETTS
This we use string.upper() method in Python to make the given string uppercase.
Example-2: Converting User Input to Uppercase
Sometimes its become very important that whatever we are getting data from a user input should be in same format. To make the that happen we can use the upper() function Python to store the data in the uppercase for all situation.
Consider a scenario where we’re creating a registration form in Python. To avoid inconsistencies and ease the validation process, it might be helpful to standardize user input in Python.
This can be especially important with entries such as gender (Male, male, MALE) or country name (United States, united states, UNITED STATES).
user_gender = input("Enter your gender: ") user_country = input("Enter your country: ") user_gender = user_gender.upper() user_country = user_country.upper() print("Gender:", user_gender) print("Country:", user_country)
The output is:
Enter your gender: sAmmy Enter your country: United STates Gender: SAMMY Country: UNITED STATES
As we have the entered the data as a mixture of upper and lower case but in the Python is converting the data using upper function and printing that data.
This way we can use Python upper function to convert the user input data in one case.
Example-3: Creating a Case-Insensitive Password
We can use the Python upper() function in insensitive cases where we will check whether the input data is relevant or not.
Consider a case where we’re developing a password validation function in Python. We’ve decided that passwords should be case-insensitive, meaning “PASSWORD”, “password”, and “Password” should all be treated the same. This can be achieved by using the string upper() function :
original_password = 'Password'.upper() def validate_password(input_password): if input_password.upper() == original_password: return True else: return False print(validate_password('PASSWORD')) print(validate_password('password')) print(validate_password('PassWord')) print(validate_password('pass'))
The output is:
True True True False
The last one is false because it is not the full password.
This way we can use upper method in Python string for case insensitivity.
Capitalize each word in a string in Python
In python, to capitalize each word in a string we will use the built-in method upper() to capitalize all the letters in the string.
my_string = 'python guides' print(my_string.upper())
After writing the above Python code (python capitalize each word in a string), Ones you will print “my_string.upper()” then the output will appear ” PYTHON GUIDES “. Here, the string.upper() is used to capitalize each word in the string. Also, you can refer to the below screenshot to capitalize each word in a string.
This is another Python string formatting example, where we saw how to capitalize each word in a string in Python.
This is how to convert a string to uppercase in Python.
In this tutorial, we have learned how to use the Python string uppercase() method. And also we saw, how to capitalize each word in a string in Python. We have seen what is upper() function in Python, its syntax, parameters and return values. The upper function in Python is a powerful tool that can simplify tasks like data cleaning and case-insensitive searches. As demonstrated with our examples.
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I am Bijay Kumar, a Microsoft MVP in SharePoint. Apart from SharePoint, I started working on Python, Machine learning, and artificial intelligence for the last 5 years. During this time I got expertise in various Python libraries also like Tkinter, Pandas, NumPy, Turtle, Django, Matplotlib, Tensorflow, Scipy, Scikit-Learn, etc… for various clients in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, etc. Check out my profile.