In this Python tutorial, we will discuss how to remove a specific character from a string in Python. In addition, Python has built-in functions that allow you to remove every special character from a string, so we will discuss each of the functions in detail.
Special Characters in Python
In Python, special characters include symbols that are not alphanumeric like ‘@’, ‘#’, ‘%’, ‘*’, ‘(‘, ‘)’, etc.
Remove special characters from string in Python
We will delve into different methods of removing special characters from a string in Python with examples.
Method 1: Using the replace() function in Python
The replace() method is a built-in function in Python that replaces a specified phrase with another specified phrase. Here is how you can use it to remove a special character.
Example# Let’s take a string that represents a popular American food item.
string = "Cheese@Burger#" string = string.replace("@", "") string = string.replace("#", "") print(string)
The drawback of this approach is that you need to know all the special characters that exist in the Python string. Also, if the Python string contains many different special characters, the code can get quite lengthy.
Method 2: Using Python Regular Expressions
Regular expressions, also known as regex, are sequences of characters that form a search pattern. Python’s re module provides support for regular expressions. To remove special characters, we can use the Python re.sub() function.
Example# Let’s use the name of a famous American landmark
import re string = "Statue@of#Liberty" string = re.sub('[^A-Za-z0-9]+', '', string) print(string)
In the above code, [^A-Za-z0-9] is a pattern that matches any character that is not a letter or a number. Then, Python re.sub() replaces all such characters with an empty string.
Method 3: Using Python translate() and maketrans() functions
Python string class provides a method called translate() that can be used with maketrans() function to replace or remove all the specified characters from a string.
Example# Let’s use a phrase that’s synonymous with the United States
string = "Land@of#the#Free" string = string.translate(string.maketrans("", "", "@#")) print(string)
The Python maketrans() function returns a translation table that can be used with the translate() method to replace the specified characters.
Method 4: Using List Comprehension in Python for how to remove punctuation from a string python
In Python, list comprehension is a compact way of creating a list from one or more iterables. It can have an optional condition to filter items. Here is how to use it to remove special characters.
Example# Let’s use a string representing a US city and its popular nickname
string = "Chicago@-#The#Windy#City" string = ''.join(e for e in string if e.isalnum()) print(string)
The Python isalnum() method checks whether all the characters in a string are alphanumeric (either alphabets or numbers). If true, the character is included in the new string. Otherwise, it is omitted.
In Python, there are many ways to remove special characters from a string. The best method to use depends on your specific needs.
The replace() method in Python is handy for removing a few known characters. Regular expressions offer powerful and flexible solutions for dealing with patterns.
The translate() and maketrans() methods are useful for handling a larger set of characters, and the Python list comprehension provides a succinct way to filter characters.
Also, take a look at some more Python tutorials.
- What does the percent sign mean in python
- How to add zeros before a number in Python
- How to find a string from a list in Python
- Find function in Python string
- Isalnum method in Python string
I am Bijay Kumar, a Microsoft MVP in SharePoint. Apart from SharePoint, I started working on Python, Machine learning, and artificial intelligence for the last 5 years. During this time I got expertise in various Python libraries also like Tkinter, Pandas, NumPy, Turtle, Django, Matplotlib, Tensorflow, Scipy, Scikit-Learn, etc… for various clients in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, etc. Check out my profile.