Union of sets Python + Examples

In this python tutorial, we will discuss the union of sets and what is the union in Python. We will also check:

  • Union of two sets in Python
  • Union of multiple sets in Python
  • Union list of sets in Python
  • Union of many sets in Python
  • Union of several sets in Python
  • Union of all sets in a list in Python
  • Union of sets python example
  • Union of lists Python

What is the union?

The Union() is a method in Python that returns a new set which contains distinct items from all the set.

Syntax:

union set = set1.union(set2)

Union of two sets in Python

Lets us see, how to perform union operation on two sets in python.

  • In this example, I have taken two sets as chocolates and fruits these sets contain elements.
  • To perform the union operation on these sets we have to create a new set called chocolates_fruits. To create a new set we have to use chocolates_fruits = chocolates.union(fruits).
  • New set chocolates_fruits is created by calling union() and fruits set is passed as an argument is in the union() method.

Example:

chocolates = {'munch','kitkat','diarymilk'}
fruits = {'mango','orange','pineapple'}
chocolates_fruits = chocolates.union(fruits)
print(chocolates_fruits)

To get the output as a combination of all the items from two sets in a new set called chocolate_fruits. We have to use print(chocolates_fruits). The below screenshot shows the output.

Union of two sets python
Union of two sets python

Union of multiple sets in Python

Here, we can see how to perform union operation on multiple sets in python.

  • In this example, I have taken multiple sets they are chocolates, fruits, vegetables, and ice_cream.
  • To perform the union operation on these sets. New set chocolates_fruits is created, to create a new set we have to use chocolates_fruits = chocolates.union(fruits,vegetables,ice_cream).
  • union() method is called and passed all the set as the arguments in the union() method.

syntax:

union set = set1.union(set2,set3,set4)

Example:

chocolates = {'munch','kitkat','diarymilk'}
fruits = {'mango','orange','pineapple'}
vegetables = {'tomato','chilli','potato','peas'}
ice_cream = {'vanilla','candy','blackcurrent'}
chocolates_fruits = chocolates.union(fruits,vegetables,ice_cream)
print(chocolates_fruits)

To get the output as a combination of all the items from multiple sets like chocolates = {‘munch’,’kitkat’,’diarymilk’}, fruits = {‘mango’,’orange’,’pineapple’}, vegetables = {‘tomato’,’chilli’,’potato’,’peas’}, ice_cream = {‘vanilla’,’candy’,’blackcurrent’} in a new set called chocolate_fruits, we have to use print(chocolates_fruits). You can see the output in the below screenshot.

Union of multiple sets python
Union of multiple sets python

Union list of sets in Python

Now, we can see how to perform union operationson list of sets in python

  • In this example, I have created a list in Python and named it as items, and assigned some sets in the list.
  • Create a new set by using the set() and call the union(), and then the items set is passed as an argument in the union() method.
  • The list is unpacked by using an asterisk *.

Example:

items = [{'chocolate','biscuits'}, {'potato','tomato'}, {'apple','orange','pear'}]
print(set().union(*items))

To get the output as combination of all the items from set like [{‘chocolate’,’biscuits’}, {‘potato’,’tomato’}, {‘apple’,’orange’,’pear’}] in a new set, we have to use print(set().union(*items)). You can see the output in the below screenshot .

Union list of sets python
Union list of sets python

Union of many sets Python

Here, we can see how to perform union operation on many sets in python

  • In this example, I have taken many sets in a list and named a list as Numbers
  • Create a new set by using set() and then call the union() method, and pass the argument Number in the union() method.
  • The list is unpacked by using asterisk *

Example:

Numbers = [{2,4,6}, {1,3,5}, {0}, {3,6,9},{4,8,12}]
print(set().union(*Numbers))

To get the output as combination of all the items from set like [{2,4,6}, {1,3,5}, {0}, {3,6,9},{4,8,12}] in a new set, we have to use print(set().union(*Numbers)). Below screenshot shows the output.

Union of many sets python
Union of many sets python

Union of several sets Python

Now, we can how to perform union operation on several set in python

  • In this example, I have taken several sets and named them as Even_number, Odd_number, Multiple_of_3, and Multiple_of_4.
  • To create new set called Numbers. We have to use Numbers = Even_number.union(Odd_number,Multiple_of_3,Multiple_of_4).
  • To perform union operation on all these sets. A new set is created as Numbers and in the new set union() is called and all the sets are passed as arguments in the union() method.

Example:

Even_number = {2,4,6,8}
Odd_number =  {1,3,5,7}
Multiple_of_3 = {3,6,9,12} 
Multiple_of_4 = {4,8,12,16}
Numbers = Even_number.union(Odd_number,Multiple_of_3,Multiple_of_4)
print(Numbers)

To get the output as a combination of all the items from several sets like Even_number = {2,4,6,8}
Odd_number = {1,3,5,7}, Multiple_of_3 = {3,6,9,12}, Multiple_of_4 = {4,8,12,16}
in a new set called Numbers, we have to use print(Numbers). You can refer to the below screenshot for the output.

Union of several sets python
Union of several sets python

Union of all sets in a list Python

Let us see, how to perform union operation on all the sets in the list in python.

  • In this example, I have taken a list named Numbers.
  • We have to create a new set by using set = frozenset().union(*Numbers). To create a new set, frozenset() is called, and also union() is called. And then pass the argument Numbers in the union() method.
  • The frozenset() is a function that returns all the set objects from the list. An asterisk * is used to unpack the list.

Example:

Numbers = [set([2,4,6,8]), set([1,3,5,7]), set([0])]
set = frozenset().union(*Numbers)
print(set)

To get the output as a combination of items from the sets like [set([2,4,6,8]), set([1,3,5,7]), set([0])] in a new set. We have to use print(set). Below screenshot shows the output.

Union of all sets in a list python
Union of all sets in a list python

Union of sets Python example

Now, we can see an example on union of sets in python.

  • In this example, I have taken two set vowels and consonants.
  • To get all the letters in the new list called alphabets. Union operation is performed by using alphabets = vowels.union(consonants).

Example:

vowels = {'a','e','i','o','u'}
consonants =   {'b','c','d','f','g','h','j','k','l','m','n','p','q','r','s','t','v','w','x','y','z'}
alphabets = vowels.union(consonants)
print(alphabets)

To get the output as an alphabet set. We have to use print(alphabets). You can see the output in the below screenshot.

Union of all sets in python example 1
Union of sets python example

Union of lists Python

Here, we can see how to perform union operation of lists in Python.

  • In this example, I have taken two lists as list1 and list2.
  • To create a new list, we have to use result =(set().union(list1,list2)).
  • The new set result is created by calling set() and also by calling union() and then list1, list2 are passed as arguments in the union() method.

Example:

list1 = [2,4,6,8,10]
list2 = [1,2,3,4,5,7]
result =(set().union(list1,list2))
print(result)

To get the output as a new list, we have to use print(result). You can refer to the below screenshot for the output.

Union of lists python
Union of lists python

You may like the following Python tutorials:

In this Python tutorial, we have learned about the Union of sets and what is a union in Python. Also, We covered these below topics:

  • Union of two sets python
  • Union of multiple sets python
  • Union list of sets python
  • Union of many sets python
  • Union of several sets python
  • Union of all sets in a list python
  • Union of sets python example
  • Union of lists python