Horizontal line matplotlib

In this Python tutorial, we will discuss Horizontal line matplotlib in python. Here we will cover different examples related to the horizontal lines using matplotlib. And we will also cover the following topics:

  • Horizontal line matplotlib
  • Dotted horizontal line matplotlib
  • Horizontal line matplotlib with label
  • Multiple horizontal line matplotlib
  • Matplotlib horizontal line thickness
  • Matplotlib horizontal line color
  • Matplotlib horizontal line at value
  • Matplotlib horizontal line at 0
  • Horizontal line matplotlib subplot
  • Matplotlib horizontal line full width
  • Matplotlib errorbar horizontal line
  • Horizontal grid lines matplotlib
  • Matplotlib horizontal line with text
  • Annotate horizontal line matplotlib
  • Matplotlib remove horizontal line
  • Matplotlib add horizontal line to bar chart

Horizontal line matplotlib

In this section, we learn about how to plot or draw a horizontal line in matplotlib in Python. Before starting the topic, firstly we have to understand what is a horizontal line or how it looks.

In general, a horizontal line is a straight line that goes from right to left or vice versa. Or if we talk in coordinates plane, a line parallel to X-axis is known as a horizontal line.

horizontal line matplotlib
” Sleeping Line “

In Python, matplotlib is a popular library used for plotting. It provides different methods to draw a horizontal line which we have discussed below.

  • Using plot()
  • Using hlines()
  • Using axhline()

By using plot() function

In matplotlib, the plot() method is used to generate 2D plots.

The syntax of the plot() method is as given below:

matplotlib.pyplot.plot(x_points, y_points)

The parameters used above are:

  • x_points: x-axis points to plot.
  • y_points: y-axis points to plot.

Let’s see an example of drawing a horizontal line using the plot() method:

# Import Library

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Define Data

X = [2, 4, 6, 8]
Y = [0, 0, 0, 0]

# Plot horizontal line

plt.plot(X,Y)

# Show

plt.show()
  • In the above example, we import matplotlib.pyplot library.
  • After this, we define data points for plotting. Here we specify the y-axis points to 0 as we want to plot a horizontal line.
  • Next, by using the plt.plot() method we plot a line, and by using the plt.show() method user visualizes the plot.
set horizonal line matplotlib
plt.plot()

By using hlines() function

In matplotlib, the hlines() method is used to draw a horizontal line across the axes. Here hlines stand for the horizontal lines.

The syntax of the hlines() method is as given below:

matplotlib.pyplot.hlines(y, xmin, xmax, colors, linestyles)

The parameters used above are described as below:

  • y: specify the position on the y-axis to plot the line.
  • xmin and xmax: specify the beginning and end of each line. These attributes are compulsory.
  • colors: specify the color of the line.
  • linestyle: specify the style or type of the line

Let’s see an example of the horizontal line created by using the hlines() method:

# Import Library

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Plot horizontal line

plt.hlines(5, 4, 8, color='red')

# Show

plt.show()
  • In the above example, we import matplotlib.pyplot library.
  • By using plt.hlines() method we plot horizontal lines. Here we pass y, xmin, xmax, color as an argument and set it to 5, 4, 8, and red.
matplotlib set horizontal line
plt.hlines()

By using axhline() function

In matplotlib, the axhline() method is used to draw horizontal lines to the plot.

The syntax of the axhline() method is as given below:

matplotlib.pyplot.axhline(y, xmin, xmax, color, linestyle)

The above-used parameters are described as below:

  • y: specify position on the y-axis to plot the line.
  • xmin and xmax: specify the starting and ending range of the line.
  • color: specify the color of the line.
  • linestyle: specify the style of the line.

Example of axhline() method:

# Import Library

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Plot horizontal line

plt.axhline(y=1.5, xmin=0.1, xmax= 0.8)

# Show

plt.show()

Here we use the axhline() method to draw a horizontal line and pass the y, xmin, xmax as a parameter and set its value to 1.5, 0.1, 0.8 respectively.

matplotlib draw horizontal line
plt.axhline()

Read: Matplotlib plot a line

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Dotted horizontal line matplotlib

Here we are going to learn how we can draw horizontal dotted lines in matplotlib in python. We have to change the line style of lines to make them dotted in style.

Matplotlib.pyplot library provides the parameter linestyle to set the type of line.

Let’s see an example of a horizontal dotted line:

# Import Library

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Plot horizontal dotted line

plt.axhline(y=5, xmin=0.25, color='red', linestyle='dotted', linewidth=5)

# Show

plt.show()
  • Here we use the axhline() method to draw a dotted horizontal line. We pass parameters y, xmin, color, linestyle, and linewidth.
  • Our main objective is to draw a horizontal line that is dotted in nature, so we set linestyle to dotted and also increase the width of the line by using linewidth parameter.
dotted horizontal line matplotlib
” Dotted horizontal line “

Read: Python plot multiple lines using Matplotlib

Horizontal line matplotlib with label

In this section, we are going to learn how to draw a horizontal line with a label. Here we use the axhline() method to draw a horizontal line and pass label as a parameter.

The syntax to draw a horizontal line with label:

matplotlib.pyplot.axhline(y, xmin, xmax, color, label)

Example:

# Import Library

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Plot horizontal line

plt.axhline(y=10, linewidth=5, label= 'horizontal-line')

# Add label

plt.legend(loc = 'upper left')
 
# Show

plt.show()
  • By using the plt.axhline() method we draw a horizontal line and pass the parameter label.
  • Then by using the plt.legend() method we set the location of the label to the upper left.
horizontal line matplotlib with label
” Horizontal line with label “

Read: Matplotlib subplot tutorial

Multiple horizontal line matplotlib

Here we are going to plot multiple horizontal lines in matplotlib in python. The methods used to draw multiple horizontal lines are:

  • Using axhline()
  • Using hlines()

By using axhline()

In matplotlib, by using the axhline() method we can draw multiple horizontal lines in the plot.

Let’s see an example related to this:

# Import library

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
   
# Horizontal line 1

plt.axhline (y = 10, color = 'b')
 
# Horizontal line 2 
# We also set range of the line

plt.axhline (y = 6, xmin =0.1, xmax =0.5, color='red')

# Horizontal line 3

plt.axhline (y = 2, color = 'm')

# Horizontal line 4
# We also set range of the line

plt.axhline (y = 4, xmin =0.6, xmax =0.8, color='c')
 
# Display

plt.show()
mutiple horizontal line matplo
plt.axhline()

By using hlines()

In matplotlib, by using the hlines() method we can draw multiple horizontal lines in the plot.

Example:

# Import library

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
   
# Horizontal line 1

plt.hlines (y= 2, xmin= 0.1, xmax= 0.5, color='c', linewidth = 2 )
 
# Horizontal line 2 

plt.hlines (y= 6, xmin = 0.4, xmax = 0.9, color='m', linestyle = 'dotted', linewidth = 3)

# Horizontal line 3

plt.hlines (y = 8, xmin = 0.5, xmax = 0.9, color='orange', linestyle = 'dashed', linewidth = 5)

# Horizontal line 4

plt.hlines (y = 10, xmin =0.6, xmax =0.8, color='red', linewidth = 8 )
 
# Display

plt.show()
matplotlib mutiple horizontal lines
plt.hlines()

Also, read: Matplotlib plot bar chart

Matplotlib horizontal line thickness

In matplotlib, to adjust the thickness of the horizontal line we have to pass an argument linewidth. By using linewidth as a parameter we can easily increase or decrease the width or thickness of the line.

The syntax to adjust thickness is as follow:

matplotlib.pyplot.axhine(y, xmin, xmax, linewidth )

Let’s see an example where we adjust the thickness of the horizontal line:

# Import library

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
   
# Thickness increased

plt.axhline (y = 5, color = 'red', linewidth = 8)
 
# Thickness decreased

plt.axhline (y = 2, linewidth = 0.5)

# Display

plt.show()
  • In the above example, we use plt.axhline() method to plot a horizontal line.
  • Here we pass linewidth as an argument and set its value to 8 and 0.5 in different cases.
matplotlib horizontal line thickness
plt.axhline(linewidth = )

Read: Matplotlib plot error bars

Matplotlib horizontal line color

In matplotlib, to change the color of the horizontal line we have to pass an argument color to the method axhilne() or hlines(). By default color of the line is blue.

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The syntax to change the color of the line is given below:

# Using axhline()

matplotlib.pyplot.axhline(y, color= None)

# Using hlines()

matplotlib.pyployt,hlines(y, xmin, xmax, color= None)

Let’s see an example related to change of color of horizontal line:

# Import library

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
   
# Change color by using hlines()

plt.hlines (y = 8, xmin = 0.5, xmax = 0.9, color='orange', linestyle = 'dashed', linewidth = 5)

                       # OR

# Change color by using axhline() 

plt.axhline (y = 10, xmin =0.6, xmax =0.8, color='red', linewidth = 8 )
 
# Display

plt.show()
  • In the above example, we use plt.hlines() method and pass the color as an argument and set its value to orange.
  • In the next case, we use the plt.axhline() method to draw a horizontal line and here we pass the color as an argument to change the color of the line and set its value to red.
matplotlib horizontal line color
plt.hlines (color = None)
matplotlib set horizontal line color
plt.axhline(color = None)

Read: Matplotlib remove tick labels

Matplotlib horizontal line at value

Here we are going to learn how to draw a horizontal line at a specific value on the plotted graph.

Let’s see an example:

# Import Library

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

# Define Data

x = np.arange(0,25, 0.1)
y = np.sin(x)

# Plot figure

plt.plot(x, y)

# Horizontal line

plt.axhline(y= -0.5,color='red', linestyle ='dashed')

# Title

plt.title("Sine Function", fontsize= 15, fontweight='bold')

# Generate Plot

plt.show()
  • In the above example, we import matplotlib and numpy library.
  • After this, we define data to plot a graph by using np.arange() method and np.sin() method.
  • By using plt.plot() method we plot a sin graph.
  • Then to draw a horizontal line at a specific value we use plt.axhline() method and pass the argument y = -0.5.
  • plt.title method is used add title on the plot and plt.show() method is used for plot visualization.
matplotlib horizontal line at value 1
” Horizontal line at value “

Read: Matplotlib rotate tick labels

Matplotlib horizontal line at 0

In matplotlib, to draw a horizontal line at 0 we have to set the value of the y coordinate 0.

The syntax to draw a horizontal line at 0:

# By using axhline
matplotlib.pyplot.axhline(y = 0)

# By using hlines
matplotlib.pyplot.lines(y=0, xmin, xmax)

Example ( By using hlines() ) :

# Import Library

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Define Data

x = [1, 2, 3.5, 4, 5, 6.5]
y = [0, 2, 4, 15, 8, 10]

# Plot figure

plt.plot(x, y)

# Horizontal line at 0

plt.hlines(y= 0, xmin= 1.5, xmax= 5.5, color='red', linestyle ='dashed', linewidth = 5)

# Generate Plot

plt.show()
  • Here we use hlines() method and pass the y, xmin, xmax, color, linestyle, and linewidth as an argument.
  • We set their values to 0, 1.5, 5.5, dashed, and 5 respectively.
matplotlib horizontal line at 0
” Horizontal line at 0 “

Read: Matplotlib change background color

Horizontal line matplotlib subplot

Here we will discuss how we can draw the horizontal line at the specific subplot if we draw subplots in a figure area.

We will use the axhline() method to draw a horizontal line at specific subplots.

Let’s understand the concept with the help of an example:

# Importing Libraries

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Define Data

x1= [0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1]
y1= [0.3, 0.6, 0.8, 0.9, 1.5]

x2= [2, 6, 7, 9, 10]
y2= [3, 4, 6, 9, 12]

x3= [5, 8, 12]
y3= [3, 6, 9]

x4= [7, 8, 15]
y4= [6, 12, 18]

fig, ax = plt.subplots(2, 2)

# Plot graph
# Set horizontal line at specfic subplot

ax[0, 0].plot(x1, y1)
ax[0, 1].axhline(y=4)
ax[1, 0].plot(x3, y3)
ax[1, 1].axhline(y=2.5)

# Display Graph

fig.tight_layout()
plt.show()
  • In the above example, we plot multiple plots in a figure area. And we want to draw a horizontal line at the specific plot.
  • Here we use the axhline() method to draw a horizontal line.
horizontal line matplotlib subplot
ax.axhline()

Read: Matplotlib scatter marker

Matplotlib horizontal line full width

In matplotlib, if you want to draw a horizontal line with full width simply use the axhline() method.

You can also use the hlines() method to draw a full-width horizontal line but in this method, you have to set xmin and xmax to full width.

Example:

# Import Library

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Plot vertical line

plt.axhline(y=1.5)

# Show

plt.show()

In the above example, we use the axhline() method to plot a horizontal line of full width.

matplotlib horizontal line full width
plt.axhline()

Read: Matplotlib dashed line

Matplotlib errorbar horizontal line

To draw a horizontal line on the errorbar we have to pass an argument xerr in ax.errorbar().

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The syntax for the errorbar horizontal line is as given below:

matplotlib.pyplot.errorbar(x, y, yerr, capsize)

The above-used parameters are as follow:

  • x: specifies horizontal coordinates.
  • y: specifies vertical coordinates.
  • xerr: Define the horizontal error bar sizes.

Let’s see an example for more understanding:

# Import Library

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
  
# Define Data

x= [1, 2, 3, 5]
y= [9, 15, 5, 25]

# Plot horizontal error bar

plt.errorbar(x, y, xerr = 1.2)

# Display graph

plt.show()
  • In the above, example we import the matplotlib.pyplot library.
  • Then we define the x-axis and y-axis data points.
  • plt.errorbar() method is used to plot error bars and we pass the argument x, y, and xerr and set the value of xerr = 1.2.
  • Then we use plt.show() method to display the error bar plotted graph.
matplotlib errorbar horizontal line
plt.errorbar(xerr= )

Read: Matplotlib log log plot

Horizontal grid lines matplotlib

In matplotlib, the grid() method is used to create grid lines.

The syntax to create horizontal grid lines:

matplotlib.axis.YAxis.grid()

This method is used to draw horizontal lines only.

Let’s see an example:

# Import Library

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Current axes

axes = plt.gca()

# Horizontal grid lines

axes.yaxis.grid()

# Display

plt.show()

Here we use plt.gca() method to get current axes of the graph and axes.yaxis.grid() method to plot horizontal gridlines.

horizontal grid lines matplotlib
axes.yaxis.grid()

Read: Matplotlib best fit line

Matplotlib horizontal line with text

To add text on a horizontal line we have to use the text() method.

The syntax is as given below:

# Horizontal line

matplotlib.pyplot.axhline(y)

# Text

matplotlib.pyplot.text(x,y,text)

Let’s see an example of a horizontal line with text:

# Import Library

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Plot horizontal line

plt.axhline(y=1.5)

# Add text

plt.text(0.4,1.51,'Horizontal Line',rotation=360)

# Show

plt.show()
matplotlib horizontal line with text
” Horizontal line with text “

Read: Matplotlib subplots_adjust

Annotate horizontal line matplotlib

In matplotlib, annotate() method is used to annotate the point with text.

annotate() method works same as text() method, but annotate() method have more features. Like you can add arrows to highlight something.

The syntax of annotate function is as given below:

matplotlib.pyplot.annotate(s, xy, xytext, arrowprops ....)

The parameters used are described below:

  • s: text used for annotation.
  • xy: specify point (x,y) to annotate.
  • xytext: specify the position (x,y) to place the text.
  • arrowprops: It contains dict type.

Let’s see an example:

# Import Library


import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Plot Horizontal line


plt.axhline(y=1.47)

# Annotate 


plt.annotate('Horizontal Line',
              xy = (0.4,1.48), 
              xytext =(0.6,1.52), 
              color='red',
              fontweight='bold',
              fontsize = 15,
              arrowprops = dict(facecolor = 'yellow'))

# Show

plt.show()

Here we use the plt.annotate() method and pass text, xy, xytext, color, fontweight, fontsize, and arrowprops as a parameter.

annotate horizontal line matplotlib
” Annotate horizontal line “

Matplotlib remove horizontal line

In matplotlib, we can easily remove the horizontal lines which are drawn by using the plt.plot() method.

remove() method is used to remove the horizontal line.

Example:

# Import Library


import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Define Data

x = [2, 4, 6, 8]
y = [0, 0, 0, 0]
y1 = [2, 2, 2, 2]
y2 = [3, 3, 3, 3]

# Plot Horizontal lines


line_1 = plt.plot(x,y)
line_2 = plt.plot(x,y1)
line_3 = plt.plot(x,y2)

# Remove horizontal line

r = line_2.pop(0)
r.remove()

# Show

plt.show()
matplotlib remove horizontal line
” Plot before removal of the horizontal line “
matplotlib horizontal line removal
” Plot after removal of the horizontal line “

Here we use the remove() method to delete horizontal line 2.

Matplotlib add horizontal line to bar chart

If you want to create a horizontal line to bar chart in matplotlib, you must have knowledge of how to create a bar chart. Let’s see the syntax to create a bar chart.

matplotlib.pyplot.bar(x, height)

Let’s see an example where we draw a horizontal line on the bar chart:

# Import Library

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
  
# Define data

x =[2, 4, 8, 5, 6]
  
y = [8, 16, 15, 2, 4]
 
# Creating the bar plot

plt.bar(x, y, color ='maroon')

# Horizontal Line

plt.axhline(y=9.5,linewidth= 3, color='k', linestyle= 'dotted')

# Display

plt.show()
  • In the above example, we import matplotlib.pyplot library for data visualization.
  • Next we define data, and by using plt.bar() method we plot bar chart.
  • plt.axhline() method is used to draw horizontal line on the bar chart at y=9.5.
matplotlib add horizontal line to bar chart
” Horizontal line on bar chart “

In this Python tutorial, we have discussed the “Horizontal line matplotlib” and we have also covered some examples related to it. These are the following topics that we have discussed in this tutorial.

  • Horizontal line matplotlib
  • Dotted horizontal line matplotlib
  • Horizontal line matplotlib with label
  • Multiple horizontal line matplotlib
  • Matplotlib horizontal line thickness
  • Matplotlib horizontal line color
  • Matplotlib horizontal line at value
  • Matplotlib horizontal line at 0
  • Horizontal line matplotlib subplot
  • Matplotlib horizontal line full width
  • Matplotlib errorbar horizontal line
  • Horizontal grid lines matplotlib
  • Matplotlib horizontal line with text
  • Annotate horizontal line matplotlib
  • Matplotlib remove horizontal line
  • Matplotlib add horizontal line to bar chart