How to Indent Multiple Lines in Python

I will explain “How to indent multiple lines in Python” in this Python tutorial with different practical examples. Also, I will show you how to execute it with different code editors like Visual Studio, PyCharm, and Jupyter to indent multiple lines in Python.

In Python, indentation is crucial in defining the scope and structure of code blocks. Unlike other programming languages that use braces or keywords to denote blocks.

Python relies on consistent indentation levels. Each level of indentation typically represents a new block of code.

How to indent the lines in Python?

Here is how we can indent multiple lines in Python using:

  • If else indentation
  • Looping statement indentation

Code of If else indentation in Python

The if-else conditional statements in Python need proper indented lines so that Python can easily understand what lines will be executed according to the situation.

a = 10
b = 5
if a>b:
print('a is greater than b')
elif a == b: 
print("a is equal to b ")
else:
print("a is less than b")
a = 10
b = 5
if a>b:
    print('a is greater than b')
elif a == b: 
    print("a is equal to b ")
else:
    print("a is less than b")

You can see the difference between these two codes. The first code will give an Indentation Error because I didn’t give proper spacing to the statement block.

You can give space by using the spacebar or Tab in Visual Studio. Pressing the tab on your keyboard will take 4 spaces default.

How do you indent a group of lines in Python

Note: Similarly, loop statements need a proper description of the code that needs to be executed while iterating in Python.

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How to Indent Multiple Lines in Python

Now, we will use the multiple line indentation technique in Python; in the previous example, we are giving space one by one to every statement block; correcting it may take a lot of time.

Let’s see the solution to that problem, and we will take a while loop example to indent multiple lines in Python simultaneously.

Code:

How to indent multiple lines all at once in Python

To indent multiple lines in Visual Studio, Pycharm, and Jupyter Notebook, first, you have to select the lines you want to move and then press the tab button to move all the lines simultaneously.

This is the common technique that will work in all these code editors.

Multiline Indentation in Different Python Code Editors

Let’s discuss the shortcut keys for multiline indentation in different code editors for Python.

Python multiline indentation with Visual Studio Code

These are the shortcut keys in Visual Studio, which will help you to indent multiple lines in Visual Studio code.

  1. CTRL + ] – Using this shortcut, you can give 4 spaces at once, which will help correct the multiline indentation by selecting the targeted lines.
  2. CTRL + [ – This shortcut is the opposite of the previous shortcut key. It can remove the space of selected lines simultaneously.
  3. Select Lines + TAB – When you need to indent multiline in Python, then you have to select the lines that you want to move. It will take 4 spacing by default in VS code.
  4. Shift + TAB – It will remove 4 spaces from the targeted line.
  5. ALT + Mouse Left Click – This is a very useful feature in vs code, it will generate multiple cursors to edit multiple things parallelly.
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These are the shortcut keys of Visual Studio code. It will save you so much time while facing issues related to indentation in Python.

Multiline indentation in Python using Pycharm code editor

  1. CTRL + ALT + i – This shortcut key is used to indent everything correctly according to Python indentation rules.
  2. Select lines + Tab
  3. Shift + tab
  4. Alt + Mouse Left click

Conclusion

Here, we explored indent multiple lines in Python, essential for writing clean, readable, and well-structured code.

By understanding the importance of indentation and practicing various techniques, such as using text editors’ built-in features and manual indentation, you can ensure that your Python code remains organized and easy to understand.

We explored different methods to indent multiple lines in Python, including using text editors like Visual Studio, PyCharm, and Jupyter Notebook.

We learned how to correct indentation errors and efficiently indent multiple lines using keyboard shortcuts and editor functionalities.

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