What is NumPy in Python

In this python tutorial, you will learn about What is NumPy in python and, also we will check:

  • What is NumPy?
  • Why NumPy is used?
  • Where is NumPy used?
  • Operations using NumPy
  • How to install NumPy in Python?
  • Python NumPy version
  • How to Import NumPy?
  • How to import NumPy in Python 2.7
  • Python NumPy example
  • Advantages of using NumPy
  • What makes NumPy better than the python list?

What is NumPy in Python?

  • NumPy is the fundamental package for scientific computing in python.
  • NumPy stands for Numerical Python. It is open-source and we can use it freely.
  • NumPy is a python library that is used for working with arrays.
  • Python NumPy also contains random number generators. It also has functions for working in the domain of linear algebra, Fourier transforms, and matrices, etc.
What is NumPy in Python
What is NumPy in Python

Read: Check if NumPy Array is Empty in Python

What is NumPy in Python used for

  • NumPy is used because it is faster and compact than python lists. In python, we have lists that serve the purpose of arrays, but they are slow.
  • NumPy provides an array object that is up to 50x faster than python lists.
  • NumPy uses much less memory to store data.
  • The array object in NumPy is called ndarray and it provides a lot of functions that make working with ndarray very easy.

Read: Python NumPy Array

Where is Python NumPy used?

  • NumPy is used for working with arrays.
  • It is a python library that provides a multidimensional array object, it also includes mathematical, logical, shape manipulation, sorting, Fourier transforms, basic linear algebra, statistical operations, and much more.

Operations using NumPy

We can perform the following operations using NumPy in Python :-

  • Logical operations and mathematical operations on arrays.
  • Fourier transforms and routines for shape manipulation.
  • NumPy has in-built functions for linear algebra and random number generation.
  • We can also perform operations related to linear algebra.

Read: Python NumPy Random + Examples

How to install NumPy?

If you have python installed in your system then you can install NumPy very easy with using the simple commands on your terminal:

pip install numpy

Python NumPy version

For checking the numpy version the version string is stored under “__version__” attribute.

import numpy as np
print(np.__version__)

How to Import NumPy?

  • Once NumPy is installed successfully, then you need to import it into your applications by adding the import keywords.
  • We need to use import numpy.
  • Now, numpy is imported and you can use it.
import numpy

Example :

import numpy
my_arr = numpy.array([10, 11, 12, 13, 14])
print(my_arr)

Read: Python NumPy Sum

How to import NumPy in Python 2.7

To import NumPy in Python 2.7 use the below import commands to include the NumPy package.

import numpy

Python NumPy example

NumPy is usually imported under the np alias. We have created an alias with the as keyword while importing. The package can be referred to as np instead of NumPy.

import numpy as np
my_arr = np.array([11, 12, 13, 14, 15])
print(my_arr)

You can refer to the below screenshot to see the output for NumPy arrays.

Example on NumPy arrays
Example on NumPy arrays

Advantages of using NumPy

  • Numpy uses much less memory to store data in Python.
  • Numpy arrays take significantly less amount of memory as compared to python lists.
  • We can perform mathematical operations on NumPy which makes it extremely easy and Numpy provides multiple functions to work in Python.
  • Numpy provides the support of highly optimized multidimensional arrays.

What makes NumPy better than Python list?

  • NumPy consumes less memory than the python list.
  • Python Numpy is fast and more compact as compared to a python list.
  • NumPy is much convenient to use than a python list.
  • Numpy is faster as it uses C API and for most of its operation, we don’t need to use any looping operation.

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In this Python tutorial, we have learned about NumPy in Python and also how to install Numpy. Also, we covered these below topics:

  • What is NumPy?
  • What is NumPy in python used for?
  • Where is NumPy used?
  • Operations using NumPy
  • How to install NumPy?
  • Python NumPy version
  • How to Import NumPy?
  • How to import NumPy in Python 2.7
  • Python NumPy example
  • Advantages of using NumPy
  • What makes NumPy better than the python list?